Important Vaccine Information

www.nuvet.com/94833  For the health of your dog. 


Dr. Jean Dodds protocol is now being adopted by ALL 27 North American
veterinary schools. I highly recommend that you read this. Copy and save it
to your files. Print it and pass it out at dog fairs, cat shows, kennel club
meetings, dog parks, give a copy to your veterinarian and groomer, etc.,
etc. Get the word out. ~~~~

Vaccination NEWSFLASH
I would like to make you aware that all 27 veterinary schools in
North America are in the process of changing their protocols for vaccinating
dogs and cats. Some of this information will present an ethical & economic
challenge to vets, and there will be skeptics.
Some organizations have come up with a political compromise
suggesting vaccinations every 3 years to appease those who fear loss of
income vs. those concerned about potential side effects.
Politics, traditions, or the doctor's economic well being should
not be a factor in medical decision.

NEW PRINCIPLES OF IMMUNOLOGY
"Dogs and cats immune systems mature fully at 6 months. If a
modified live virus vaccine is given after 6 months of age, it
produces an immunity which is good for the life of the pet (ie:
canine distemper, parvo, feline distemper). If another MLV vaccine is given
a year later, the antibodies from the first vaccine neutralize the antigens
of the second vaccine and there is little or no effect. The titer is not
"boosted" nor are more memory cells induced." Not only are annual boosters
for parvo and distemper unnecessary, they subject the pet to potential risks
of allergic reactions and immune-mediated hemolytic anemia. "There is no
scientific documentation to back up label claims for annual
administration of MLV vaccines." Puppies receive antibodies through their
mothers milk. This natural protection can last 8-14 weeks.
Puppies & kittens should NOT be vaccinated at LESS than 8 weeks.
Maternal immunity will neutralize the vaccine and little protection (0-38%)
will be produced. Vaccination at 6 weeks will, however, delay the timing of
the first highly effective vaccine. Vaccinations given 2 weeks apart
suppress rather than stimulate the immune system. A series of vaccinations
is given starting at 8 weeks and given 3-4 weeks apart up to 16 weeks of
age. Another vaccination given sometime after 6 months of age (usually at 1
year 4 mo) will provide lifetime immunity.

CURRENT RECOMMENDATIONS FOR DOGS
Distemper & Parvo
"According to Dr. Schultz, AVMA, 8-15-95, when a vaccinations
series given at 2, 3 & 4 months and again at 1 year with a MLV, puppies and
kitten program memory cells that survive for life, providing lifelong
immunity." Dr. Carmichael at Cornell and Dr. Schultz have studies showing
immunity against challenge at 2-10 years for canine distemper & 4 years for
parvovirus. Studies for longer duration are pending. "There are no new
strains of parvovirus as one mfg. would like to suggest. Parvovirus
vaccination provides cross immunity for all types." Hepatitis (Adenovirus)
is one of the agents known to be a cause of kennel cough. Only vaccines with
CAV-2 should be used as
CAV-1 vaccines carry the risk of "hepatitis blue-eye" reactions &
kidney damage.
Bordetella Parainfluenza: Commonly called "Kennel cough"
Recommended only for those dogs boarded, groomed, taken to dog
shows, or for any reason housed where exposed to a lot of dogs. The
intranasal vaccine provides more complete and more rapid onset of immunity
with less chance of reaction. Immunity requires 72 hours and does not
protect from every cause of kennel cough. Immunity is of short duration (4
to 6 months).
RABIES
There have been no reported cases of rabid dogs or cats in
Harris, Montogomery or Ft. Bend Counties [Texas], there have been rabid
skunks and bats so the potential exists. It is a killed vaccine and must be
given every year.
Lyme disease is a tick born disease which can cause lameness,
kidney failure and heart disease in dogs. Ticks can also transmit the
disease to humans. The original Ft. Dodge killed bacteria has proven to be
the most effective vaccine. Lyme disease prevention should emphasize early
removal of ticks. Amitraz collars are more effective than Top Spot, as
amitraz paralyzes the tick's mouth parts preventing transmission of disease
.

VACCINATIONS NOT RECOMMENDED
Multiple components in vaccines compete with each other for the
immune system and result in lesser immunity for each individual disease as
well as increasing the risk of a reaction.
Canine Corona Virus is only a disease of puppies. It is rare,
self limiting (dogs get well in 3 days without treatment). Cornell &Texas
A&M have only diagnosed one case each in the last 7 years. Corona virus does
not cause disease in adult dogs.
Leptospirosis vaccine is a common cause of adverse reactions in
dogs Most of the clinical cases of lepto reported in dogs in the US are
caused by serovaars (or types) grippotyphosa and bratsilvia.
The vaccines contain different serovaars eanicola and
ictohemorrhagica. Cross protection is not provided and protection
is short lived. Lepto vaccine is immuno-supressive to puppies less than 16
weeks.

NEW RECOMMENDATIONS FOR CATS
Feline vaccine related Fibrosarcoma is a type of terminal cancer
related in inflammation caused by rabies & leukemia vaccines . This cancer
is thought to affect 1 in 10,000 cats vaccinated. Vaccines with aluminum
adjuvant, an ingredient included to stimulate the immune system, have been
implicated as a higher risk. We now recommend a non-adjuvanted rabies
vaccine for cats . Testing by Dr. Macy, Colorado State, has shown this
vaccine to have the lowest tissue reaction and although there is no
guarantee that a vaccine induced sarcoma will not develop, the risk will be
much lower than with other vaccines.
Program injectable 6 mo flea prevention for cats has been shown
to be very tissue reactive & therefore has the potential of inducing an
injection site fiborsarcoma. If your cats develops a lump at the site of a
vaccination, we recommend that it be removed ASAP, within 3-12 weeks.
Feline Leukemia Virus Vaccine
This virus is the leading viral killer of cats. The individuals
most at risk of infection are young outdoor cats, indoor/outdoor cats and
cats exposed to such individuals. Indoor only cats with no exposure to
potentially infected cats are unlikely to become infected. All cats should
be tested prior to vaccination. Cats over one year of age are naturally
immune to Fel.V whether they are vaccinated or not, so annual vaccination of
adult cats is NOT necessary. The incubation period of Feline leukemia can be
over 3 years, so if your cat is in the incubation state of the disease prior
to vaccination, the vaccine will not prevent the disease. Feline
Panleukopenia Virus
Vaccine.
Also called feline distemper is a highly contagious and deadly
viral disease of kittens. It's extremely hardy and is resistant to extremes
in temperature and to most available disinfectants.
Although an effective treatment protocol is available, it is
expensive to treat because of the serious nature of the disease and the
continued presence of virus in the environment, vaccination is highly
recommended for all kittens . Cats vaccinated at 6 month or older with
either killed or MLV vaccine will produce an immunity good for life. Adult
cats do NOT need this vaccine.
Feline Calicivirus/Herpesvirus Vaccine.
Responsible for 80-90% of infectious feline upper respiratory
tract diseases. The currently available injectable vaccines will minimize
the severity of upper respiratory infections, although none will prevent
disease in all situations .. Intranasal vaccines are more effective at
preventing the disease entirely. Don't worry about normal sneezing for a
couple of days. Because intranasal vaccines produce an immunity of shorter
durations, annual vaccination is recommended.

VACCINES NOT RECOMMENDED
Chlamydia or pneumonitis.
The vaccine produces on a short (2 month) duration of immunity
and accounts for less than 5% of upper respiratory infections in cats. The
risks outweigh the benefits.
Feline Infectious Peritonitis.
A controversial vaccine. Most kittens that contract FIP become
infected during the first 3 months of life. The vaccine is labeled for use
at 16 weeks. All 27 vet schools do not recommend the vaccine.
Bordetella
A new vaccine for feline bordetella has been introduced. Dr.
Wolfe of Texas A&M says that bordetella is a normal flora and does not cause
disease in adult cats. Dr. Lappin of Colorado State says that a review of
the Colorado State medical records reveals not one case diagnosed in 10
years.

NEW DEVELOPMENTS
Giardia is the most common intestinal parasite of humans in North
America, 30% or more of all dogs & cats are infected with giardia. It has
now been demonstrated that humans can transmit giardia to dogs & cats &
vice versa.
Heartworm preventative must be given year round in Houston

VACCINES BADLY NEEDED
New vaccines in development include: Feline Immunodeficiency
Virus and cat scratch fever vaccine for cats and Ehrlichia [one of the other
tick diseases, much worse than Lymes] for dogs.

THE VIEW FROM THE TRENCHES; BUSINESS ASPECTS
Most vets recommend annual boosters and most kennel operators
require them. For years the pricing structure of vets has misled clients
into thinking that the inherent value of an annual office visit was in the
"shots" they failed to emphasize the importance of a physical exam for early
detection of treatable diseases. It is my hope that you will continue to
require rabies & Kennel cough and emphasize the importance of a recent vet
exam. I also hope you will accept the new protocols and honor these pets as
currently vaccinated. Those in the boarding business who will honor the
newvaccine protocols can gain new customers who were turned away from vet
owned boarding facilities reluctant to change.

CONCLUSION
Dogs & cats no longer need to be vaccinated against distemper,
parvo, & feline leukemia every year . Once the initial series of puppy or
kitten vaccinations and first annual vaccinations are completed, immunity
from MLV vaccines persists for life. It has been shown that cats over 1 year
of age are immune to Feline Leukemia whether they have been vaccinated or
not. Imagine the money you will save, not to mention fewer risks from side
effects. PCR rabies vaccine, because it is not adjuvanted, will mean less
risk of mediated hemolytic anemia and allergic reactions are reduced by less
frequent use of vaccines as well as by avoiding unnecessary vaccines such as
K-9 Corona virus and chlamydia for cats, as well as ineffective vaccines
such as Leptospirosis and FIP. Intranasal vaccine for Rhiotracheitis and
Calici virus, two upper respiratory viruses of cats provide more complete
protection than injectable vaccines with less risk of serious reactions.


The AAHA and all 27 veterinary schools of North America are our
biggest endorsement for these new protocols.


Dr. Bob Rogers
Please consider as current on all vaccinations for boarding
purposes

DOGS Initial series of puppy vaccines
1. distemper, hepatitis, parvo, parinfluenze - 3 sets one month
apart concluding at 16 weeks of age.
2. Rabies at 16 weeks of age (later is better)
3. Bordetella within last 4-6 months
First annual (usually at 1 year and 4 months of age)
1. DHP, Parvo, Rabies
2. Bordetella within last 4-6 months
2 years or older
1. Rabies with in last year
2. Bordetella within last 4-6 months
3. DHP & Parvo given anytime over 6 months of age , but not
necessarily within the last year.
Recommended: Physical exam for transmissible diseases and health
risks.

CATS Initial kitten series
1. Distemper [PLP], Rhino Calicivirus, Feline Leukemia Vaccine -
3 sets given one month apart concluding at 16 weeks.
2. Rabies at 16 weeks
First Annual [usually at 1 year and 4 months of age]
1. Distemper (PLP), Rhino Calicivirus, Rabies
2 years or older
1. Rabies within the last year
2. Rhino Calicivirus within last year
3. Distemper and FelV given anytime after 6 months of age, but
not necessarily with the last year.
Recommended: Physical exam, FeLV/FIV testing, fecal exam for
giardia.

"If you pick up a starving dog and make him prosperous, he will not bite you; that is the principal difference between a dog and a man." ~Mark Twain